Walloon Region is one of the three Regions that make up the
Federal Belgian State, the other two being the Flemish Region
and the Brussels-Capital Region.
- competencies - political
institutions - administration
The Walloon region covers the territory of
the 5 walloon provinces : Brabant wallon, Hainaut, Liège,
Luxembourg and Namur.
Walloon Region exercises
the regional competencies attributed to it by law
the community competencies that have been transferred to
it by the French Community
Those regional competencies essentially are : town
and country planning, the environment,
agriculture, housing, public works, transport, regional
aspects of the economic policy, foreign trade, employment
policy, regional aspects of the energy policy, organisation and
supervision of the local authorities, property belonging to the
various religious groups, scientific research relating to
regional matters, international relations relating to regional
matters. (see articles
6 and 6 bis from the law of 8/08/1980)
must, however, be noted that the Walloon Region has transferred
some of its regional competencies to the German-speaking
Community for matters concerning the German linguistic region :
monuments and sites and employment policy. The transfer of the
organisation and supervision of the communes is planned for
2005. These competencies are therefore, or will therefore be,
exercised by the Walloon Region only in the French linguistic
Those community competencies transferred by the
French Community essentially are : some cultural matters (sports
infrastructures, tourism, social promotion and occupational
training and redeployment), school transport and nearly all
personal matters (health policy except for university hospitals,
family policy except for the Child Welfare Authority (ONE),
social welfare, integration of immigrants, disabled persons and
senior citizens). In this case, the Walloon Region exercises
its competencies only in the French linguistic region.
political institutions of the Walloon Region are the Walloon
Parliament, and the Walloon Government.
Parliament is composed of 75 members, elected every five
years by direct universal suffrage.
Walloon Parliament essentially exercises two functions:
an instrument of legislative power, it discusses and passes
decrees, and can take the initiative to draw them up. Once
passed, the decrees are sanctioned and promulgated by the
Walloon Government ;
a control body for the executive power, it controls the Walloon
government, which it is accountable to it. This control is
exercised, in particular, via the vote on budgets and accounts,
the vote on motions of confidence or no confidence,
parliamentary questions, etc.
Walloon Parliament elects the members of the Walloon Government,
who are not necessarily members of Parliament.
Government participates in legislative power and, like the
Parliament, it can take the initiative to draw up decrees. As an
executive power, it issues the orders necessary for the
application of the decrees.
Walloon Government is accountable to the Walloon Parliament.
Both are based in Namur, the capital of
the Walloon Region.