is made up of 5 provinces: Walloon Brabant, Hainaut, Liège,
Luxembourg and Namur.
provinces have existed since the creation of the Belgian State.
Two new provinces, Walloon Brabant and Flemish Brabant, were
created following the scission of the Brabant province on 1 January
competencies - political
institutions - administration
exercise a dual function. On the one hand, they are subordinate
local authorities, responsible for executing certain
decisions made by other authorities. On the other hand, they are
autonomous political bodies endowed with their own
decision-making powers : they are free to take initiatives
providing the matter is not excluded from their competencies by
the Constitution, the law or decree. They
therefore exercise a series of compulsory responsibilities,
which are identical for each Walloon province, and optional
responsibilities, which are particular to each province. They
exercise these responsibilities in complementarity with those of
the Walloon Government and the communes.
compulsory responsibilities include supervision of the
communes for certain matters (essentially budget and
accounts, status of officials), candidacies to certain public
offices, covering the deficit for the construction and
maintenance of cathedrals, establishments responsible for the
property of orthodox and Islamic religions, secular moral
assistance establishments, law and order.
most important or most frequent optional responsibilities
are education (the provinces organise educational institutions
(secondary or higher)), culture, social welfare, heritage sites
and assets, etc.
province has an assembly of elected members, the Provincial
Council, and an executive, the Provincial College
(formerly known as the Permanent Delegation). A Governor
designated by the Walloon Government is at the head of the
Provincial Council is made of 47 to 84 directly elected
members. The provincial elections take place every six years, at
the same time as the communal elections.
Provincial College is made up of 6 provincial members
(formerly known as the permanent members) elected by the
Provincial Council from within, and including the Governor,
without voting rights. The Provincial College is accountable to
the Provincial Council. The Provincial Council and the
Provincial College can issue regulations and police orders in
Governor is the Walloon Government Commissioner in the
province, is appointed for an unlimited duration and is given
special competencies. The Governor is part of the Provincial
College (without voting rights), and also exercises own
competencies associated with his/her role as Walloon Government
Commissioner, or entrusted to him/her by the Federal Authority
or the French Community. These competencies include law and
order and administrative supervision over the communes. The
Governor ensures that the laws are applied.
provinces are now governed by the decree of the Walloon
Region voted 11 February 2004, which replaces the former
provincial law. Since 1st January 2002, provincial law had
become a Regional competence in nearly all its aspects.
provinces are submitted to the legislative and administrative
control (tutelle) of the Walloon Region.
Provincial Council, the Provincial College and the Governor are
based in the provincial capital.
provinces exercise their responsibility thanks to the provincial
administration. Each province organises its administration