French Community is one of the three Communities which compose
the federal Belgian state, the two others being the Flemish
Community and the German-speaking Community.
- competencies - political
institutions - administration
Wallonia, the French Community exercises its powers solely in
the French linguistic region.
Community matters are education, cultural matters, social
affairs and language use (except for some matters reserved top
the Federal Authority).
on 1 January 1994 the French Community transferred the
exercising of a part of its competencies to the Walloon Region,
who now exercises them. Those competencies are some cultural
matters (sports infrastructures, tourism, social promotion and
occupational training and redeployment), school transport and
nearly all personal matters (health policy except for university
hospitals, family policy except for the Child Welfare Authority
(ONE), social welfare, integration of immigrants, disabled
persons and senior citizens).
political institutions of the French Community are the Parliament
of the French Community and the Government of the French
Parliament of the French Community is composed of 94
members: the 75 Walloon members and 19 members elected by the
French linguistic group of the Brussels Parliament. It adopts
legislative acts : the decrees.
Parliament of the French Community essentially exercises two
- as an instrument of legislative power, it discusses and
passes decrees, and can take the initiative to draw them up.
Once passed, the decrees are sanctioned and promulgated by the
Government of the French Community;
- as a control body of the executive power, it controls the
Government of the French Community, which it is accountable to
it. This control is exercised, in particular, via the vote on
budgets and accounts, the vote on motions of confidence or no
confidence, parliamentary questions, etc.
Government of the French Community is composed of members
elected by the Parliament of the French Community, not
necessarily from within. Moreover, the members of this
government can be members of the Walloon Government or of the
Government of the Brussels-Capital Region.
Government of the French Community participates in legislative
power and like Parliament, it can take the initiative to draw up
decrees. As an executive power, it issues the orders
necessary for the application of the decrees.
Government of the French Community is accountable to the
Parliament of the French Community. Both are
Brussels, the political capital of the French Community.
Ministry of the French Community is responsible for
administration and it is comprised of a general secretariat and
5 general administration departments.