> The French Community

The French Community is one of the three Communities which compose the federal Belgian state, the two others being the Flemish Community and the German-speaking Community.

territory - competencies - political institutions - administration

territory

In Wallonia, the French Community exercises its powers solely in the French linguistic region.

 competencies

The Community matters are education, cultural matters, social affairs and language use (except for some matters reserved top the Federal Authority).

However, on 1 January 1994 the French Community transferred the exercising of a part of its competencies to the Walloon Region, who now exercises them. Those competencies are some cultural matters (sports infrastructures, tourism, social promotion and occupational training and redeployment), school transport and nearly all personal matters (health policy except for university hospitals, family policy except for the Child Welfare Authority (ONE), social welfare, integration of immigrants, disabled persons and senior citizens).

Political institutions

The political institutions of the French Community are the Parliament of the French Community and the Government of the French Community.

The Parliament of the French Community is composed of 94 members: the 75 Walloon members and 19 members elected by the French linguistic group of the Brussels Parliament. It adopts legislative acts : the decrees.

The Parliament of the French Community essentially exercises two functions :
-   as an instrument of legislative power, it discusses and passes decrees, and can take the initiative to draw them up. Once passed, the decrees are sanctioned and promulgated by the Government of the French Community;
-   as a control body of the executive power, it controls the Government of the French Community, which it is accountable to it. This control is exercised, in particular, via the vote on budgets and accounts, the vote on motions of confidence or no confidence, parliamentary questions, etc.

The Government of the French Community is composed of members elected by the Parliament of the French Community, not necessarily from within. Moreover, the members of this government can be members of the Walloon Government or of the Government of the Brussels-Capital Region.

The Government of the French Community participates in legislative power and like Parliament, it can take the initiative to draw up decrees. As an executive power, it issues the orders necessary for the application of the decrees.

The Government of the French Community is accountable to the Parliament of the French Community. Both are based in Brussels, the political capital of the French Community.

 

  

 Administration

The Ministry of the French Community is responsible for administration and it is comprised of a general secretariat and 5 general administration departments.